‘De facto lethargy’ in Central African Republic despite escalating attacks – Global Issues

“The fears legitimately entertained by the civilian population, which continue to suffer the harmful effects of persistent violations of the ceasefire […] keep reporting,” said Valentin RugvabizaSpecial Representative of the Secretary-General for the Central African Republic and head of the UN peacekeeping mission in the country, known by the French acronym, MINUSCA.

Noting that the mission supports frank and constructive dialogue with the Government of the CAR on human rightsShe said she was working with local authorities to take preventive action, fight impunity and rehabilitate the victims.

Decade of Violence

MINUSCA peacekeepers and the Central African Defense and Security Forces patrol Bangui.

MINUSCA peacekeepers and the Central African Defense and Security Forces patrol Bangui. Photo: MINUSCA/Herve Serefio

While positive steps have been recorded in the CAR to restore peace and stability, following the adoption Joint road map of the world in October 2021, many report that progress is now slowing down.

The Roadmap itself was an attempt to more fully implement the 2019 peace agreement known as Khartoum Agreementwhich was signed between the government and 14 non-state armed groups.

The CAR has been fighting conflict since 2012, when fighting between the largely Christian anti-Balaki militias and the predominantly Muslim Séléka rebel coalition killed thousands and left two out of three civilians dependent on humanitarian aid.

Despite holding a “republican dialogue” in March involving several constituent groups, there have been new attacks on civilians by non-state groups as well as government-linked militias in recent weeks.

Targeted attacks against humanitarian workers some ethnic groups have also been reported, including the Fulani and the Gbaya.

Remobilization of partners

Council briefing on UN efforts to address these violations and accelerate the political process in CAR, the Special Representative said. MINUSCA works to build trust with authorities and re-engage partners.

June 4 a Strategic Review Meeting was held with the participation of key partners of Angola and Rwanda, as well as the Economic Community of Central African States and other organizations in order to mobilize both the entire region and the entire global community against violence.

The meeting also resulted in a sovereign decision by the CAR authorities to establish a permanent platform for strategic review of the political process, Ms. Rugvabiza said.

Peacekeepers serving with MINUSCA, the UN mission in the Central African Republic, patrol the capital of Bangui.

UN Photo/Eskinder Debebe

Peacekeepers serving with MINUSCA, the UN mission in the Central African Republic, patrol the capital of Bangui.

Stay “as long as it takes”

Asking for the unanimous support of the 15-member Council, she urged the government to expedite the implementation of the recommendations stemming from the recent Republican Dialogue.

A cessation of hostilities throughout the CAR remains both an immediate goal and a measure of confidence in the Joint Road Map, she added, stressing the need for “concerted deterrence measures” against those parties that do not live up to their commitments.

Meanwhile, she pledged MINUSCA support to the CAR government “for as long as needed” rebuild the capacity needed for a more professional defense and security force.

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